Monthly Archives: October 2017

Cisco ASR 9000 series Router

What is the Cisco ASR 9000 ?

  • It is a carrier -class Ethernet Access and Aggregation platform with Layer 3 intelligence. 
  • Aggregates 1 gig access to 10 Gig edge
  • Combines full Ethernet service flexibility with MPLS scalability
  • Multicast performance to support video networking

asr 9000

 

2 main types of cards are used here.. Route switched processor (RSP) cards , and Line cards.

RSP cards provides switch fabric redundancy and chassis control.

Line cards provide Gigabit Ethernet and 10 Gibabit Ethernet Ports.We can have 3 types line cards, 4 port 10G, 8 port 10G and 40 port GE. This can change as cisco adding new cards all the time.

To mention, each line card can operate on 40 Gig . So 8 port 10 gig will be over-subscribed.

In old days, CEs were interconnected by way of a Frame Relay or Asynchronous Transfer Mode(ATM) or leased-line circuits. This used to be build once and sold once. Each circuit was dedicated to each customer.

The new way is IP/MPLS VPN Cloud.

MPLS combines the privacy and QoS of FR or ATM networks with the flexibility and scalability of IP.These are Any-to-Any connectivity, which allows us to build once , sell many times.

Cisco ASR 9000 are used as a PE(provider edge) devices.

 

 

How to configure OTV – Overlay Transport Virtualization – Nexus 7K

OTV  or Overlay Transport Virtualization extends layer 2 VLANs between data centers. This allows us to maintain our layer 3 hierarchy and enable us to move the virtual machines cross data centers.

Think about it, if you are able to move your VMs from one location to another and not having to change any IP addresses or routing, how cool will it be ?

OTV to function ,we can either use Multicast or Unicast . I will talk about enabling OTV using Multicast here..

Here’s the steps to configure OTV on a Multicast Core : 

  1. Enable PIM sparse-mode and IGMP version 3 on all core devices.
  2. Configure the OTV external interface for IGMP version 3 on the edge device.
  3. Enable the OTV feature and designate a site VLAN
  4. Configure the OTV overlay interface on edge device.

1. Enabling PIM Sparse Mode on Nexus 7K

Enabling PIM also has 4 steps..

  • Enable the protocol independent multicast (PIM)
  • Configure the rendezvous-point (RP)
  • Enable PIM sparse mode on all core interfaces
  • Enable IGMP version 3 on all core interfaces.

feature pim

!

ip pim rp-address  a.b.c.d

!

interface eth1/31

ip pim sparse-mode

ip igmp version 3

2. Configure the external Interface

interface eth1/41

ip igmp version 3

//  note we ware not enabling PIM sparse mode on the external interface

3. Designate a Site VLAN

OTV uses the site VLAN to send hello messages to determine the authoritative edge devices . Ofcourse we need to enable OTV feature first in NX-OS

feature otv

otv site-vlan 13

Do not extend the site VLAN accross the overlay network, because it is only used locally.

4. Configuring the OTV Overlay Interface

The overlay interface is used to encapsulate Layer 2 frames into ip packets. To configure the overlay interface specify the following:

  • Control group : Multicast group used for the OTV control plane
  • Data  group : range of multicast SSM groups to use for multicast traffic
  • Join interface: used to advertise MAC address reachability info across overlay
  • Entend VLAN : VLANs to extend across the overlay network

interface overlay 1
otv control-group 239.1.1.1
otv data-group 232.1.1.0/29
otv join-interface ethernet1/41
otv extend-vlan 2000 ====> this is the vlan we want to extend
no shutdown

 

Verifying the Overlay Interface:

use the command  show otv overlay <interface>

VPN state should be UP.

Do a show otv adjacency to verify one or more adjacency are present.

Do a show otv site to verify one or more site local adjacencies are present.

Do a show otv vlan to see the extended vlans .

Do a show mac address-table <vlan> will show the port and mac learned via OTV interface.